As reported by Energy Information Administration (EIA) Logo - Need Help? 202-586-8800

Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped within shale formations. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas. Over the past decade, the combination of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing has allowed access to large volumes of shale gas that were previously uneconomical to produce. The production of natural gas from shale formations has rejuvenated the natural gas industry in the United States.

Did You Know?

Sedimentary rocks are rocks formed by the accumulation of sediments at the Earth’s surface and within bodies of water. Common sedimentary rocks include sandstone, limestone, and shale.

U.S. Natural Gas Supply, 1990-2035
Chart showing U.S. natural gas supply, 1990-2035. Source, EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2010

Did You Know?

Shale gas in 2009 made up 14% of total U.S. natural gas supply. Production of shale gas is expected to continue to increase, and constitute 45% of U.S. total natural gas supply in 2035, as projected in the EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2011.

Does the U.S. Have Abundant Shale Gas Resources?

Of the natural gas consumed in the United States in 2009, 87% was produced domestically; thus, the supply of natural gas is not as dependent on foreign producers as is the supply of crude oil, and the delivery system is less subject to interruption. The availability of large quantities of shale gas will further allow the United States to consume a predominantly domestic supply of gas.

According to the EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2011, the United States possesses 2,552 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of potential natural gas resources. Natural gas from shale resources, considered uneconomical just a few years ago, accounts for 827 Tcf of this resource estimate, more than double the estimate published last year. At the 2009 rate of U.S. consumption (about 22.8 Tcf per year), 2,552 Tcf of natural gas is enough to supply approximately 110 years of use. Shale gas resource and production estimates increased significantly between the 2010 and 2011 Outlook reports and are likely to increase further in the future.

Where is Shale Gas Found?

Shale gas is found in shale “plays,” which are shale formations containing significant accumulations of natural gas and which share similar geologic and geographic properties. A decade of production has come from the Barnett Shale play in Texas. Experience and information gained from developing the Barnett Shale have improved the efficiency of shale gas development around the country. Another important play is the Marcellus Shale in the eastern United States. Surveyors and geologists identify suitable well locations in areas with potential for economical gas production by using both surface-level observation techniques and computer-generated maps of the subsurface.

Map of Shale Gas Plays for the Lower 48 States
Source: U.S. Shale Plays Map,

How is Shale Gas Produced?

Two major drilling techniques are used to produce shale gas. Horizontal drilling is used to provide greater access to the gas trapped deep in the producing formation. First, a vertical well is drilled to the targeted rock formation. At the desired depth, the drill bit is turned to bore a well that stretches through the reservoir horizontally, exposing the well to more of the producing shale.

Hydraulic fracturing (commonly called “fracking” or “hydrofracking”) is a technique in which water, chemicals, and sand are pumped into the well to unlock the hydrocarbons trapped in shale formations by opening cracks (fractures) in the rock and allowing natural gas to flow from the shale into the well. When used in conjunction with horizontal drilling, hydraulic fracturing enables gas producers to extract shale gas at reasonable cost. Without these techniques, natural gas does not flow to the well rapidly, and commercial quantities cannot be produced from shale.

Schematic Geology of Natural Gas Resources

Graphic showing the schematic geology of natural gas resources
Source: modified from U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 0113-01.

How is Shale Gas Production Different from Conventional Gas Production?

Conventional gas reservoirs are created when natural gas migrates toward the Earth’s surface from an organic-rich source formation into highly permeable reservoir rock, where it is trapped by an overlying layer of impermeable rock. In contrast, shale gas resources form within the organic-rich shale source rock. The low permeability of the shale greatly inhibits the gas from migrating to more permeable reservoir rocks. Without horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, shale gas production would not be economically feasible because the natural gas would not flow from the formation at high enough rates to justify the cost of drilling.

Diagram of a Typical Hydraulic Fracturing Operation

Diagram of a Typical Hydraulic Fracturing Operation
Source: ProPublica,

What Are the Environmental Issues Associated with Shale Gas?

Natural gas is cleaner-burning than coal or oil. The combustion of natural gas emits significantly lower levels of key pollutants, including carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxides, and sulfur dioxide, than does the combustion of coal or oil. When used in efficient combined-cycle power plants, natural gas combustion can emit less than half as much CO2 as coal combustion, per unit of energy released.

However, there are some potential environmental issues that are also associated with the production of shale gas. Shale gas drilling has significant water supply issues. The drilling and fracturing of wells requires large amounts of water. In some areas of the country, significant use of water for shale gas production may affect the availability of water for other uses, and can affect aquatic habitats.

Drilling and fracturing also produce large amounts of wastewater, which may contain dissolved chemicals and other contaminants that require treatment before disposal or reuse. Because of the quantities of water used, and the complexities inherent in treating some of the chemicals used, wastewater treatment and disposal is an important and challenging issue. If mismanaged, the hydraulic fracturing fluid can be released by spills, leaks, or various other exposure pathways. The use of potentially hazardous chemicals in the fracturing fluid means that any release of this fluid can result in the contamination of surrounding areas, including sources of drinking water, and can negatively impact natural habitats.

Deregulation of electricity generation in Pennsylvania was approved in the PA General Assembly in December 1996. The primary impetus for the legislation was to open the electricity industry to competition, thereby enabling Pennsylvania residents, institutions, businesses and industries to buy electricity at lower costs. Originally the deregulation was to be completed statewide by Jan. 1, 2001. There have been numerous delays in this arduous process. Now the anticipated deadline for completion throughout the state is Dec. 31, 2010 for all investor-owned utility companies. The rural electric cooperatives and municipal-operated utility companies are exempted from this legislation.

Electricity rate caps (or price controls) were implemented by the PA Public Utility Commission (PUC) to ensure relative price stabilityduring the potentially tumultuous years leading to the complete deregulation of electricity generation. The price of electricity has remained nearly constant since 1996 with annual increases ranging from 0 to about 5 percent, while the prices of other sources of energy were skyrocketing. During this same period, customers were required to payeach month the tangible and intangible transition fees (also known as stranded investment fees) to compensate the utility companies as they transition to the deregulated environment.

PECO Customers

The balance of this article is geared specifically to those customers served by Philadelphia Electric Company (PECO), which includes all the mushroom farmers in Chester County. The information pertinent to PECO customers is similar (but not identical) to the information pertinent to customers of the other investor-owned utility companies throughout the state.

The rate caps for electricity that have kept the electricity prices fairly low expire when the deregulation of electricity is completedat the end of 2010. The customer’s responsibility to pay the transition fees also expires at the same time, thereby completing the deregulation of electricity generation. Then what?.

Each customer will have the opportunity to shop for a supplier of generated electricity. Generated electricity will become a commodity that can be purchased from any licensed supplier or broker that you choose. Whenever considering generated electricity, we need to think in terms of both energy (kWh) and capacity (kW). If a customer opts not to shop for an electricity supplier, then PECO will serve as the “default service supplier” or the “provider of last resort.” If your selected electricity generation supplier is ever unable to provide the electricity you need, PECO will supply you with electricity at the prevailing price.

The transmission and distribution of the electricity as well as local service will continue to be provided by PECO. It doesn’t matter which company you select as your electricity generation supplier; you will remain a customer of PECO for distribution and local services. PECO will be responsible for providing line maintenance, restoring service after storms and accidents and providing on-going customer services including billing. These functions will remain regulated by the PUC for the foreseeable future.

Rate Design Changes

There will be numerous changes in the PECO rate designs. The familiar rate features listed below will be eliminated for generated electricity (energy and capacity) for all commercial and industrial customers starting the first of the year 2011. However, the rate features listed below will be retained for transmission and distribution.

* Demand ratchet * Winter heating rate

* Night service rider * Construction rider

* Interruptible rates * Curtailment rider

* Economic incentive & competitive alternative riders * Several other less-used features

The rate features of declining block rate structures and demand charges will be phase]d out over the three-year period 2011-2013 for generated electricity but will be retained for transmission and distribution.

What are your options for buying generated electricity? For the medium-sized customer (with kW demand greater than 100 kW but less than500 kW), the options are:

* Contract with a licensed retail supplier * Obtain default services from PECO at a flat, fixed rate of x cents per kWh.

For the large customer (demand greater than 500 kW), the options are:

* Contract with a licensed retail supplier * Obtain default services from PECO at day-ahead hourly prices

* Obtain default services from PECO at a flat, fixed rate of x cents per kWh. (this option available just for 2011.)

It does not matter what size customer you are, your most importantactivity to get lower prices for electricity is to manage your peak demand. An indicator of how well you are managing peak demand is the load factor. Next month’s article will focus specifically on load factor and how you can manage it to get electricity at lower prices.

You have 6 months to prepare for the deregulation of electricity. Take advantage of this lead-time. Start your homework now!

Brief Definitions

Demand: Unit of electrical power, expressed in kilowatts (kW).

Distribution: Delivery of electricity from the substation to the retail customers.

Generation: Production of electricity at a power plant or on-site facility.

Investor-Owned Utility: A utility company owned and operated by private investors.

Load Factor: Relationship of peak demand (kW) to electricity usage(kWh).

Peak Demand: Maximum amount of electrical power (kW) used over a 30-minute interval in the billing period.

Public Utility Commission (PUC): Pennsylvania regulatory agency that provides oversight, policy guidance, and direction to electric public utilities as well as other public utilities.

Transmission: Transport of high voltage electricity from the generation plant to substations.

Dennis E. Buffington Professor

Dept. of Agricultural & Biological Engineering Penn State University

Our Perspective:

Hutchinson Business Solutions is an independent energy management consultant. We have been providing deregulated energy saving solutions to our clients for over 10 years. To learn more about the the deregulated savings opportunities for your business email or call 856-857-1230.

as reported in flettexchange

Electricity rates in Pennsylvania could soon be on the rise. Businesses, federal agencies, non-profit organizations, and residents could soon experience an increase in their electric bills. The increase in price stems from the deregulation of the Pennsylvania electricity markets.

In the 1990s Pennsylvania lawmakers moved from a regionally monopolized electricity market to a competitive electricity market. Pennsylvania consumers were paying about 15% more for electricity than the national average, so the decision to embrace a competitive electricity market was easy to make. Legislators restructured electricity generation to promote more competition. However to achieve the transition from a regional electricity market to competitive electricity market, legislators had to institute rate caps to protect from unpredictable price fluctuations and implement a “stranded costs” provision for electricity providers to pay for former infrastructure investments. “In return for the loss of their monopoly status, utilities were allowed to collect a surcharge above the price of electricity, otherwise known as stranded costs. Rate caps already have expired for six utilities statewide, and the transition period will end for all state utilities in 2011—ending the rate caps and the collection of stranded costs.” 4/9/2009,, “Electricity Deregulation is a Win for Pennsylvania” –Elizabeth Bryan. As rate caps and the collection of stranded costs expire the Pennsylvania electricity market could experience unwanted changes during difficult economic times.

Electricity deregulation was established to promote competition and market efficiency. Unfortunately this is not always been the case. In 2001, California experienced the negative repercussions of a deregulated electricity market. California residents were forced to endure volatile electricity prices, while rolling blackouts plagued the state, and electricity could not be supplied during peak hours. For Californians, electricity deregulation equaled disaster.

The expiration of electricity rate caps could bring unwanted price increases to Pennsylvania. Consumers could experience percentage increases in their electric bills as regional rate caps expire. The following map exhibits regional Pennsylvania electricity territories and the electric providers that serve those areas. So far the consequences have been minor with rate cap expirations only affecting 14.1% of the Commonwealth. However from January 2010 – January 2011, rate caps for five major electricity service territories expire and the Pennsylvania electricity market will be completely deregulated.

Image Source: Pennsylvania Utility Choice (

Electricity rate caps for the Duquesne Light Company, PPL Electric Utilities, Inc., West Penn Power Company, Pennsylvania Electric Company, Metropolitan Edison Company, and PECO Energy Company expire between January 2010 – January 2011. This comprises 85.9% of Pennsylvania’s electricity market and could have an impact on electricity prices going forward. Fortunately Pennsylvania has learned from California’s missteps. Lawmakers are forcing utilities to diversify their electricity risk by securing both short- term and long-term contracts. This mixture of contracts could be helpful in mitigating risk, unlike California whose focus was concentrated on short-term contracts only. Regardless of the outcome, the Pennsylvania electricity market is one to monitor in the months and years to come.

Is there a way for Pennsylvanians to protect themselves from the upcoming deregulated electricity markets and future price uncertainty? The answer is yes. Pennsylvanians’ best solution is to embrace renewable energy. Solar energy can solve Pennsylvania’s electricity deregulation issue and act as hedges to potential higher electricity prices. Solar facilities level the playing field and allow businesses, federal agencies, non-profit organizations, and residents to participate in renewable energy, become less dependent on electric companies, and produce electricity during peak demand times. Parties that install solar facilities have the ability to achieve a fixed or reduced cost of electricity for an extended period of time, generate Alternative Energy Credits (AECs) (which are actively traded on Flett Exchange), and embrace clean energy that is absolutely vital to our environment. Pennsylvania also offers state incentives for affordable green energy. If you are a resident interested in solar click on, Pennsylvania Sunshine Program and for businesses interested in solar, click Pennsylvania Solar Energy Program to learn how to achieve clean energy.

Our perspective:

Hutchinson Business Solutions is an independent energy management consultant. We have be providing deregulated energy solutions to our clients for over 10 years. We represent all the major providers selling natural gas and electricity in both NJ and Pa.

The local providers buy energy on the open market wholesale and then bill their customers at retail prices. We place our clients in a wholesale position.

To learn more about saving opportunites in the dergulated utility market email or call  856-856-1230.

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March 25, 2010  as reported by

On January 1, 2011 PECO electric customers will come off of decade long price caps and be subject to more recent market rates.  When this happens, customers will have the option to shop the competitive electric market for lower prices and multiple product options from 10-20 electric providers that are expected to be active as the calendar turns to 2011.

PECO will offer “Price to Compare” rates, or default rates, for those customers who are slow to shop the market.   These default rates will be determined by a series of auctions that will allow PECO to buy portions of the generation load that they will need to serve their customers at different times so that they are not subject to the electricity wholesale prices at any given time.  PECO is buying energy for their residential customers at four separate times.  Two of those auctions have already taken place with the final two set to occur in June and September of 2010.  After the first two auctions, the combined retail price secured is 9.41 cents per KWh.  PECO customers won’t know their exact price to compare, and how much those rates will be higher than what they are currently paying, until all four auctions have been completed.  At that point PECO residential customers can expect to see competitive electric providers market for their business.

To learn more about saving money in the deregulated energy market in the Peco market email

By Andrew Maykuth

Retail electrical choice is off to a fast start in PPL Electric territory.

Nearly a quarter million PPL Electric Utilities Corp. customers – 18 percent – had switched to alternative power suppliers as of Monday, the Allentown utility said.

And state officials expect that more PPL customers will sign up with discounted suppliers after they glimpse their bills, which reflect a 30 percent increase for power consumed after Jan. 1.

“When people see that high bill – especially if they’re a heating customer and it’s a high winter bill – that’s certainly going to arouse more interest in switching power suppliers,” said Pennsylvania Consumer Advocate Irwin A. “Sonny” Popowsky.

Caps on PPL’s rates came off Jan. 1, and the utility’s 2010 default rate, based on power purchased from 2007 to 2009, increased 30 percent.

But alternative suppliers, which can buy wholesale power at current market rates, are offering discounts of more than 10 percent off PPL’s current retail rates.

The Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission has certified eight alternative suppliers for PPL customers, including two that offer renewable power at a higher cost than PPL’s default rate of 10.45 cents per kilowatt hour.

PPL Electric, which serves 1.2 million customers in eastern and central Pennsylvania, is encouraging customers to shop around because the utility does not lose money on customers who choose alternative suppliers.

Customers who choose an alternate supplier still get billed and serviced through PPL, which collects a standard fee for distributing the power through its lines.

Of 248,000 PPL customers who have switched, 205,000 are residential, said Ryan Hill, the utility’s spokesman.

Deregulation in PPL territory has more than doubled the number of Pennsylvania electrical customers who get power supplied by independent operators. Nearly 414,000 customers statewide are served by alternative suppliers, according to the consumer advocate.

Rate caps will remain in place in Peco Energy Co. territory through the end of 2010, when customers of the state’s largest utility are expected to get offers from alternative suppliers.

Our Perspective:

HBS is an independent energy broker who is currently selling deregulated energy in the PPL territory. We are finding prices in the mid to upper 8 cent area. Shold yo like to know more about deregulated savings in the PPL territory email

Deregulated Energy FAQ

February 1, 2010

Deregulated energy markets throughout the United States can mean substantial cost savings for businesses aware of the opportunities. Hutchinson Business Solutions makes benefiting from deregulation easy by answering your questions and showing you how our expertise in deregulated energy markets, coupled with our world-class list of energy providers, can help control costs, stabilize energy expenditures and increase profits for your company.

Q: Will the reliability of my electric or natural gas service change with deregulation?
A: No. Regardless of which energy provider we help you choose, your electricity and natural gas will continue to be delivered safely and reliably by the local utility company, a company still regulated by the Public Utility Commission.

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Q: What happens if I have an emergency or power outage?
A: Because your local wires company is still responsible for the maintenance and repair of the poles and wires, you will call them in the event of an emergency or outage at the number provided on your bill.

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Q: What has stayed the same in electric and natural gas service with deregulation?
A: Your current Transmission and Distribution Utility, continues to deliver electricity and natural gas to your business. Your local utility company still responds to service interruptions and continues to maintain the poles, wires and pipelines. You will continue to receive the same reliable service you are used to with your local utility company, regardless of which energy provider you receive service from.

It’s helpful to think of electricity and natural gas deregulation like the deregulation that occurred several years ago in the long-distance telephone service market. Consumers now have the power to choose the long-distance carrier of their own liking. However, regardless of which long-distance carrier they choose, their phone lines are still provided and serviced by the same local phone company.

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Q: What has changed in electric and natural gas service with deregulation?
A: You can now choose to buy your energy from a different provider than the original provider for your area. These companies are called retail energy providers. Additionally, your bill now looks different than bills you have received in the past, but each retail energy provider provides the same standard information.

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Q: Does everyone have the option to choose a new electricity or natural gas provider?
A: Unfortunately not. City-owned utilities and member-owned electric cooperatives have the option of giving their customers a choice of providers, or keeping things the same.

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Q: Why use an energy procurement advisor?
A: The answer is simple: we save you time and money. Staying in-tune daily with energy markets, providers and new opportunities is a full-time job. With Hutchinson Business Solutions (HBS Energy Management) you can capitalize on the benefits offered by deregulation without committing significant time and resources to understanding the complexity of the markets.

We get to know your business and your specific energy needs. Then we negotiate with energy providers on your behalf to get the best rates and options. After you have an agreement with a provider, we continue to service your business, and in case your needs change we are there to renegotiate new agreements that fit those needs. We do all the work. You receive all the benefits, including no out of pocket costs!

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Q: Will I notice a change of service when I switch my energy provider?
A: No. No matter which energy provider you choose, your energy will continue to be delivered safely and reliably by the local utility company, a company still regulated by the Public Utility Commission.

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Q: What happens if my energy provider stops serving customers?
A: If this were to take place, you would not be without energy. Your energy provider must give you advance notice to give you time to select a new provider. However, if you do not choose a new energy provider, your service will automatically be switched to another provider for your area. In this case, your energy rate may increase, so it’s in your best interest to find a new provider if yours stops serving you.

Hutchinson Business Solutions has been an independent broker in the deregulated natural gas and electric market for over 10 years.  Your local provider buys natural gas and electric wholesale and then sells it to you the customer retail. We put our clients in a wholesale position.

To learn more about deregulated natural gas and electric opportunities you may email or call 856-857-1230. Our clients are saving from 10% to 40% on their supply cost. Your savings fall to the bottom line.


As reported in Philadelphia Inquire



HARRISBURG – Paying more than $4 a gallon at the pump may be bad enough, but Pennsylvanians should prepare for another painful pinch to the pocketbook.

In 2010, state-imposed rate caps on electricity prices are set to expire, and utilities are positioning themselves for massive increases. In some parts of Pennsylvania, depending on the provider, residential customers could have to pay an additional 70 percent or more.

Peco Energy, which serves most customers in Philadelphia and its suburbs, predicts it will raise rates by 20 percent starting in 2011.


Some state lawmakers say the pending spikes, little noticed by the public, will be equivalent to the biggest tax increase since the days of Ben Franklin.


Now a group of legislators is promising to take on the big utilities and push to limit the hikes in what could be an epic battle.


“Let’s get ready to rumble,” Sen. Jim Ferlo (D., Allegheny) told utility lobbyists in the audience of a news conference last week.


The looming confrontation dates to the mid-1990s when Harrisburg deregulated the state’s electric industry in the hope of saving consumers money by opening the market to competition.


In exchange for being allowed to bill customers for building costly power plants, utilities agreed to institute rate caps for electricity use.


The problem was that competition never materialized. The primary reason: It was too costly for utilities not already established in the state to come in and build plants.

Since then, large Pennsylvania utilities have reaped hefty profits despite the caps, and their stock prices have soared.


Once caps are lifted starting in 2010 for 85 percent of the state, those profits are expected to grow even larger, legislators argue.


Sen. Lisa M. Boscola (D., Northampton) called the pending rate hikes “the perfect storm that is coming,” and blamed “nothing but profiteering and runaway greed.”


She and other lawmakers, including Sen. Vincent J. Fumo (D., Phila.), have pushed legislation to tackle the matter for more than a year. One option they are advocating is extending the caps indefinitely. Another would cap rate increases year to year at the rate of inflation or 5 percent, whichever is lower.


But Peco and other utilities strongly oppose an extension, arguing that it could impose a major financial strain on them since they are now buying power at higher costs.

Such a move could “wreak havoc in the electric market and jeopardize service to customers,” said Mary R. Rucci, Peco’s director of communications.


Others say it would run afoul of the 1990s deal that created the caps. “Rate caps were never intended to be a permanent fixture,” said Terrance J. Fitzpatrick, chief counsel of the trade group Electric Power Generation Association.  He said that customers had reaped the benefits of the caps for years, and that now the bill was coming due.


Before deregulation, Pennsylvanians paid 15 percent more for their electricity than the national average, Fitzpatrick said. With the caps, those customers are paying 2 percent less than the average.


“Instead of seeing gradual increases, customers are going to see them all at once,” added Fitzpatrick, a former member of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission.

Instead of extending caps, utilities are advocating conservation and other programs to reduce customer bills. The industry is also pushing a compromise that would phase in the higher rates to smooth the transition.


“Everyone has the same goal,” Rucci said. “We need to work through this and determine the best solution for customers and also to allow the utilities to be healthy.”

Peco provides electricity throughout Philadelphia and Delaware County and much of Bucks, Montgomery and Chester Counties – 1.6 million customers in all. Electric rates for those customers are set to increase by 20 percent Jan. 1, 2011.


Consumers in other parts of the state would suffer even more pronounced kilowatt shock.

The 1.4 million customers in eastern and central Pennsylvania served by PPL Electric Utilities, including portions of the Philadelphia suburbs not covered by Peco, could see increases of 37 percent, according to the Pennsylvania Consumer Advocate’s Office. Bills for Allegheny Power customers in the western part of the state could spike 63 percent.

And bills have already shot up 75 percent for some Pike County Light & Power customers in northeastern Pennsylvania, where caps expired in 2006.


Peco’s planned hikes are less than others in part because it currently charges a higher rate for electricity.


Gene Stilp, a longtime Harrisburg activist and founder of Taxpayers and Ratepayers United, predicted the rate hikes would force businesses to move to other states in search of lower utility bills, costing Pennsylvania thousands of jobs.


“The gas crisis is nothing,” Stilp said. “It’s child play compared to what’s coming.”

Unlike ever-rising gas prices, state lawmakers say, electricity is a cost they can do something about, even in a marketplace that has been deregulated for a dozen years.

“This is Exxon in our backyard that we can control,” Fumo said.


But getting anything done on this issue in Harrisburg has been a struggle. Lobbyists and advocates on both sides have bogged down legislation. Even the parts of Gov. Rendell’s wide-ranging energy plan that dealt with the expiring caps stalled during this year’s budget process.


Legislators now pin their hopes on what they called the “outrage factor” that they are sure will come once word of the rate hikes sinks in.


“If we were to tell people that we were going to raise their taxes by $365 a year or more – and get nothing back for it – there would be an outrage,” Fumo said. “There would be a rebellion, and everybody would be up here yelling and screaming.”


Our Perspective:


This issue has been simmering for several years in PA. Instead of allowing the providers to recoup their cost over a period of years, a cap was put on the price of electricity the providers could charge. Add this projected price increase to the fact that demand is projected to grow 1.5% a year for the next 8 – 10 years and the utilities will have difficulty meeting the growing demand.


Could you picture rolling brown outs!


What do you think the response will be from the general public if we are told that is their solution to meet growing demand?


Gov Rendell sees this issue brewing and is looking to establish an incentive package that will have Businesses and homeowners look to Clean Energy Alternatives. Like other states in the area ( NJ ), PA is looking to reduce demand by 20% by the year 2020 and explore alternative resources to help meet the growing demand.


You can be your own provider!


How would you like to get paid for producing electricity?


To learn more email


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